Basics of First Aid

You will not know when you can use your first aid knowledge so it is better to be ready and prepared. For those who do not know a thing about first aid, it is time that they learn the basics because it can make a big difference at the end of the day. This article will teach you basics of first aid so when you need it, you will practice it and save lives.


Before giving first aid lessons, you should know that the Singapore Red Cross (SRC) created and launched an application that featured advices on how to handle situations. The application is called First Aid by Singapore Red Cross and it will available soon. Anyone can use the application because it is available in four languages – Tamil, Malay, English and Mandarin.

SRC is proud because the application is easy and simple with videos of the most common scenarios and quizzes that can give advice. The application is both available for iOS and Android users. If you do not have this application yet, you can learn the basics here. You can consider the following mnemonics:


  • D: D stands for Danger. Whenever you help a person, scan the area first and be certain that you do not put yourself in danger aiding the other person.
  • R: R stands for Response. The next thing that you need to do is seek for response. You have to make sure that the person is conscious. The easiest thing to do is talk to the person. If the person cannot talk, squeeze the arm or shoulder.
  • S: S stands for Sending help. You can ask other bystanders to seek out help or you can simply call emergency numbers. Be sure to give the right and accurate address.
  • A: A stands for Airway. You have to check if the person is breathing. You need to clear the airway of the person. When the person is conscious, you have to assess in what way you can help him/her.
  • B: B stands for Breathing. If you cleared the airway, the person should start breathing any moment. You will know if he/she is breathing through the movement of his/her chest. If the chest is moving up and down, that is the best indicator of breathing.
  • C: C stands for CPR. If the person is unconscious and not breathing, it is time that you do CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. If you do not know how, ask for someone who knows.
  • D: D stands for Defibrillator. If Automated External Defibrillator is available, you should use it. This machine will facilitate normal heart beating.

Sounds easy but if you are in the situation, you will panic. Before anything else, it is crucial that you maintain your composure and your focus so you can save lives.